- AUTHOR(S): Anonymous
- PUBLISHED ON: 2023-01-16

Loneliness is increasingly recognized as an important public health issue, leading to appointments of ministers of loneliness in Japan and UK. It affects both young adults (Ellard, Dennison, and Tuomainen, 2022) and older people. For example, Stress in America 2020 survey finds that 73% of US adults aged 18-23 reported feeling lonely within the last two weeks. Do people value meeting new people and why can't they do it to deal with loneliness? Hypothesis: many people put a significant value on new connections, but establishing new connections might be hard, because any cold matching proposals are disproportionally likely to come from lemons (criminals, social outcasts). This means that most connection attempts with strangers are rejected. The potential experiment would attempt to elicit a monetary estimate of a 10-min meeting with a stranger by using the BDM approach. There are two subjects in the experiment who assume themselves to be strangers. Both receive an endowment of 10 USD. Each subject independently states their secret WTP. One subject of the pair is randomly chosen as a proposer. If the random number chosen for the proposer is above the threshold, the match is made. Matched subjects are invited to spend 10-min in a room or behind a meeting table within a larger room. Treatments: opposite sexes/same sex, online/offline meetings(?).The proposed experimental design eliminates adverse selection, because the probability of a match for a proposer depends only on their own WTP: if your WTP matters, WTP of your match does not.

- AUTHOR(S): Anonymous
- PUBLISHED ON: 2022-11-17

Dolphins swim in the ocean and apparently cannot live out of water. It begs the question, do they just pretend to be mammals? We propose to subject 10 randomly sampled dolphins to our novel mammalian test to finally resolve this question. The test involves running, climbing and digging to get delicious food.

- AUTHOR(S): Anonymous
- PUBLISHED ON: 2022-11-17

Major depressions (which involves a decrease in ability to enjoy life/utility) often follow significant bad events. It indicates that memories affect current preferences. What are the implication of incorporating past utility into preferences? Let's assume that individual's utility depends both on expectations and on memories. One potential specification is that in each period $t$ an individual is maximizing the following function by choosing a consumption function $c()$: $$V(t)=u(c(t))+E\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} d(t-\tau) V(\tau)d\tau$$ In this equation $d()$ is a discounting function (for example, $\exp(-(t-\tau)^2)$) and $u()$ is some instantaneous payoff function. The discrete case analogue: $$V_t=u(c_t)+\sum_{s=1}^T d_sV_s,t=1,2,..T$$ Or in more general case with utility aggregator $W()$: $$V(t)=W(u(c(t)),E\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} d(t-\tau) V(\tau)d\tau)$$ The interaction between memories and current life satisfaction can affect welfare calculus of misery-reducing interventions if they not only can make people happier now but also happier for the rest of their lives. It might also have implications for intergenerational transfers (government-funded gap years for youth?). Preliminary finding: If no aggregator, these preferences are equivalent to a discounted sum of utilities with non-exponential discounting.